How do you determine what strategic changes you should make that will deliver value to your enterprise? Whether you have a for-profit, non-profit or public sector enterprise, figuring out WHY you may need to implement change in your enterprise is a very important step. It will serve as a solid reference point for the subsequent decisions you will need to make as summarized in my previous post. A solid reference point keeps you focused and enables you to ensure that all the small decisions you make in designing and implementing the change are aligned to the result you want to achieve.
Change Context – Drivers and Results
There are two key parts to figuring out WHY, first of all, clearly articulate and agree on one or two key change drivers and the results you want to achieve. This will define the context and the direction of the change you will introduce and the value to your enterprise of investing in this change.
If you have too many and vaguely understood change drivers, you will not be able to focus your business change to attain the specific results that you desire. Some common change drivers are;
- Expanding market share,
- Entering new markets,
- Responding to changing customer needs and expectations
- Cost or resource challenges,
- Strengthening customer relationships,
- Addressing regional economic or quality of life challenges, and
- New regulations or standards to name but a few.
Your strategic response to the significant change drivers must lead you in the direction of achieving a clearly identifiable result.
Define this result in terms of one or more goals that are S.M.A.R.T. (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound). You may not always be able to specify a time bound target at the outset but it must be set prior to a detailed design of the change.
New technology can be a significant contributor to the change drivers but it is not itself the purpose of the change.
“The adoption of new technology must be a means to your intended result rather than the desired result of the change.”
The rapid growth and improvements in technology, cause shifts in customer expectations, creating new markets and enabling streamlining of operations which are all potential change drivers. In responding to technological advancements, you must identify the key change drivers that are most relevant to your situation, directing you to achieve specific results such as; cost reduction, stronger relationships with clients or market expansion.
The second part to figuring out “WHY”, is defining the value proposition of implementing change to your stakeholders. These value propositions will provide a reference point to direct and bound the scope and design of the change. A stakeholder’s value proposition is a description of measurable value that addresses one or more stakeholder’s basic needs for; solving a problem, performing a job, or improving their experience. Value propositions are very specific to the situations being addressed and the type of stakeholder.
There are a number of different recognized techniques for defining stakeholder’s value propositions, such as;
- Value Proposition Canvas,
- Customer Journey Map, and
- Variation of the Five Whys.
In the end, all of these techniques share a common aspect as they are aimed at discovering the fundamental need of the stakeholders in terms of the outcome that they, the stakeholders, wish to achieve. That outcome may be related to accomplishing a task, reaching a financial goal, realizing a quality of life, or delivering value to their own stakeholders.
You may also include adjectives in the value proposition, to address key expectations that a stakeholder has about the product or service and increase its value to them.
Wherever possible, engage with your stakeholders to confirm their needs and gain a clear appreciation of the outcomes they desire. This is important not only with customers or clients but also with groups and organizations that partner with you in the delivery or your products and services.
Understanding the stakeholder’s desired results will give you a much more focused understanding of their key needs and expectations. This will lead to a more relevant and effective value proposition and is the critical first step to fostering stronger commitments on behalf of your stakeholders, to engage with your strategic change.
This is the first decision gate to determining which value propositions are worth further explorations.
- Identify what the drivers are, that are necessitating change and determine your desired results.
- Then understand and articulate what values the change will provide for your stakeholders.
Following these two key principles will allow you to focus your strategic change and produce desired outcomes for your enterprise and stakeholders.